阿美迪欧 · 莫迪里阿尼 Amedeo Modigliani

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阿美迪欧·莫蒂里安尼,意大利表现主义画家与雕塑家,犹太人。莫蒂里安尼受到 19 世纪末期新印象派影响,以及同时期的非洲艺术、立体 主义等艺术流派刺激,创作出深具个人风格,以优美弧形为特色的人物肖像画,而成为表现主义画派的代表艺术家之一。 莫蒂理安尼长期生活在穷困与疾病之中,留下的文字资料有限,因此关于他本人的轶事传说十分多。其中,他与巴伯罗·毕加索的友谊、未 完成的雕塑梦想,以及与珍妮·耶布特奴传奇性的恋情,仍是巴黎蒙马特与绘画界脍炙人口的故事与话题。

阿美迪欧·莫蒂里安尼生于 1901 年意大利托斯卡尼区的利沃诺,双亲家族都是瑟法底犹太人,分别居住在罗马与法国。莫蒂里安尼出生前, 父亲弗拉米诺·莫蒂里安尼是富有的企业家,但他出生之年事业失败,宣告破产,全家由高级住宅搬到破旧的廉价公寓里,家中财产则为了 抵押债务,全部搬空,仅有母亲生育莫蒂里安尼时的床铺因法律规定而未被搬走。 虽然家道中落,莫蒂里安尼仍接受相当好的教育,尤其母亲耶婕米耶·加尔辛出身法国加尔辛家族,精通英语、法语和意大利语,对哲学和 文学有高深的造诣,且据推测曾担任为人捉刀,写作英语小说。身为么子,母亲对他的教育最花心思,在义务教育外,又让他接受四年的 古典主义教育,培养出日后优雅的气质。而加尔辛似乎也注意到儿子艺术上的性向,1895 年莫特里安尼十一岁时,她在日记里写道: 这孩子的特征一值没有定型,所以实在无法描述他会是一个什么样的人物。他的举止就像一个被宠爱的小孩,但他从未缺乏智慧,我们必 须等待及观察这茧里是什么:也是他会是一名艺术家。

Amedeo Modigliani was born in Tuscany, and he had a strong Jewish heritage as influenced by his family. He was raised in Livorno, a small yet thriving city in Italy. During his childhood years, Modigliani lived in the city of Livorno that was known to be the centre of commerce famous for shipwrighting and seafaring. However, the city had a longer history of being a place of refuge for people that were harshly persecuted for practicing their religion. In fact, Solomon Garsin, Modigliani's great-great-grandfather was a Jewish refugee who transferred to Livorno during the 18th century.

Modigliani's parents were Flaminio and Eugenia Garsin. Earlier during his life, his family had a comfortable life because of a successful money- changing business. However, the Modiglianis suffered from a tough nancial status due to a bankruptcy. Because of this unfortunate situation, the family lived in poverty.

The young boy was much closer to his mother. In fact, she educated Modigliani until he reached 10 years of age. When he was 11, he suffered from pleurisy, which eventually progressed to typhoid fever. About 5 years later, he became ill once again with pleurisy and tuberculosis that nearly ended his life. With his mother's great love and care, Modigliani was able to recover completely. Upon his recovery from his diseases, he was accompanied by his mother to a fascinating tour throughout Southern Italy. Among the places they visited included Rome, Amal , Capri, Venice, Florence and Naples.

 


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阿美迪欧 ·莫迪里阿尼 Amedeo Modigliani 

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