文森特·凡·高 Vincent Van Gogh
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梵高1853年出生于荷兰乡村的一个新教牧师家庭，早年的他做过职员和 商行经纪人，还当过矿区的传教士。他充满幻想、爱走极端，在 生活中屡遭挫折和失败，最后他投身于绘画，决心“在绘画中与 自己苦斗”。他早期画风写实，受到荷兰传统绘画及法国写实主 义画派的影响。1886 年，他来到巴黎，结识印象派和新印象派画家， 并接触到日本浮世绘的作品。视野的扩展使其画风巨变，他的画， 开始由早期的沉闷、昏暗，而变得简洁、明亮和色彩强烈。而当 他 1888 年来到法国南部小镇阿尔的时候，则已经摆脱印象派及新 印象派的影响，走到了与之背道而驰的境地。在阿尔，梵高想要 组织一个画家社团。1888 年，梵高更应邀前往，但由于二人性格 的冲突和观念的分歧，合作很快便告失败。此后，梵高的疯病 ( 有 人记载是“癫痫病”) 时常发作，但神志清醒时他仍然坚持作画。 1890 年 7 月，他在精神错乱中开枪自杀，年仅 37 岁。
Vincent van Gogh was born near Brabant, the son of a minister. In 1869, he got a position at the art dealers, Goupil and Co. in The Hague, through his uncle, and worked with them until he was dismissed from the London office in 1873. He worked as a schoolmaster in England (1876), before training for the ministry at Amsterdam University (1877). After he failed to get a post in the Church, he went to live as an independent missionary among the Borinage miners. "He was largely self-taught as an artist, although he received help from his cousin, Mauve. His first works were heavily painted, mud-colored and clumsy attempts to represent the life of the poor (e.g. Potato-Eaters, 1885, Amsterdam), influenced by one of his artistic heroes, Millet. He moved to Paris in 1886, living with his devoted brother, Theo, who as a dealer introduced him to artists like Gauguin, Pissarro, Seurat and Toulouse-Lautrec. In Paris, he discovered color as well as the divisionist ideas which helped to create the distinctive dashed brushstrokes of his later work . which Van Gogh mutilated his ear. In 1890, he died with suiside, he was only 37.
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